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The Three W's

A typical layer system consists of an inner "Wicking" layer of thin material to remove moisture from the skin, a thicker middle "Warmth" layer to trap air and provide insulation, and an outer "Weather" layer, a shell to keep off the wind and rain while allowing perspiration to pass through.

bulletWicking Layer
bulletThin polypropylene ("poly-pro") underwear. 
bulletWarmth Layer
bulletSynthetic, wool, or non- cotton shirt
bulletFleece or wool top
bulletOptional sweater to go immediately over underwear
bulletWeather Layer
bulletBreathable or waterproof shell. 
bulletWindproof shell to go over the warm wear in dry, windy conditions.
bulletDown or synthetic-insulation-filled garment in camp and during rest stops in cold weather. 
bullet If the weather is wet as well as cold, another pile or fleece jacket could be substituted for the down garment under the outer shell.

A general rule is to be sure that all of your clothes are loose fitting. If the clothing is tight, the outside cold will be able to seep through as the inside heat leaks out at those points, and you will not keep warm. Remember that the layer system will only work when the clothing is loose enough to trap air between the layers.

The secret to staying warm is to wear layers of clothing, control sweating by taking off a layer before you begin to sweat, and to keep out of the wind.

See Also:

Personal Camping Equipment

COLD Key Bear Song

 The Traditional Handbook






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Peer- Level Topic Links:
How to Build Sleds ] How to Make Snowshoes ] Hudson Bay Capote ] How to Make Skate Sails ] [ Layering ] Survival Kits ] How to Make Moccasins ] Snow Ballista, Catapult ] Equipment List ]

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Last modified: October 15, 2016.