Nutrition

 

 

 

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Remaining warm, cheerful, alert, energetic, strong and smiling are but a few of the things that eating well will do.  People often do not realize the importance of eating the proper types and amounts of food.

What are the Six Basic Food Groups?

bullet  Water:  You are two-thirds water. In the winter you need to drink 3 to 4 quarts of water a day.  Dehydration makes you more susceptible to frostbite, hypothermia, cramps, headaches and nausea.  Water digests food, regulates body temperature, and carries wastes out of the body.  In winter you must force yourself to DRINK LOTS OF WATER.  You should never get to the point where you're thirsty. Try to drink enough so your urine is as clear as possible.

bullet  Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates are starches and sugars, easily and quickly digested by your body.  They are quick energy.  One gram of "Carbs" make 4 grams of heat and energy.  Breakfast is a good meal for carbs; quick energy to get you off and running.  Honey, potatoes, pasta, rice, flour and candy are "carbs".

bullet  Fats: Fats are more tightly packed with energy.  They take longer to break down.  They will give energy long after the "carbs" have burned off.  One gram makes nine grams of heat, over twice that of carbs.  Cheese, nuts, margarine, bacon are all rich in fats.

bullet  Proteins: Proteins build and maintain body tissues such as muscles, hair, and fingernails.  To make protein our body needs 22 amino acids.  There are eight that are not in all protein foods.  So, we must eat a variety of foods.  Meat and Fish are the only foods with all 22 amino acids.  If we don't eat meat, then we must eat other foods that go together to give us all 22 amino acids, such as: beans and macaroni, rice and wheat, macaroni and cheese.

bullet  Vitamins: have no calories to keep us warm, but we need them to process the other foods we get.  Fresh vegetables, eggs, fruits contain vitamins.

bullet  Minerals: like vitamins, don't create heat but are vital for bones (Calcium) and many other things around the body.  Milk, vegetables, and meats contain minerals.

Think of your stomach as a wood stove, and your body is the building being heated.  Carbohydrates and sugar are kindling wood.  Fast burning creating quick heat, but also burning out quickly.  Margarine or other fatty foods are the logs you put on the fire to keep it burning all night and day.  Exercise stokes up the fire to get it roaring along.

Interesting Fact: The average human eats about 4,500 calories in the winter and only 3,450 in the summer.  Hard work in the cold winter days can burn up to 8 - 9,000 calories a day.

 

 

   

 

 


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Last modified: October 15, 2016.