Hypothermia Symptoms

 

 

 

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Signs that can be observed by others:

bullet Slowing of pace, drowsiness, fatigue
bullet Stumbling
bullet Thickness of speech
bullet Amnesia
bullet Irrationality, poor judgment
bullet Hallucinations
bullet Loss of perceptual contact with environment
bullet Blueness of skin (cyanosis)
bullet Dilation (enlargement) of pupils
bullet Decreased heart and respiration rate
bullet Stupor

 

Signs that can be felt or noticed by victim:

bullet Fatigue, drowsiness, exhaustion, unwillingness to go on
bullet Feeling of deep cold or numbness
bullet Poor coordination
bullet Stumbling

Victim needs IMMEDIATE help if the following are present:

bullet Poor articulation of words
bullet Disorientation
bullet Decrease in shivering followed by rigidity of muscles
bullet Cyanosis (blueness of skin)
bullet Slowness of pulse, irregular or weak pulse

 

Prevention

             

Treatment

                   
bulletGet adequate rest and maintain good nutrition before and during cold weather activities.
bulletConsume adequate high-energy foods and water during cold weather activities.
bulletUse wind and water proof clothing.
bulletCarry emergency bivouac (shelter) equipment
bulletMake camp early in a storm, or if lost, injured, or tired.
bulletExercise to keep up the body's heat function.
bulletAppoint an experienced person to watch the group for signs of hypothermia, and ALWAYS adhere to the hypothermia watcher's decisions.
bulletCarry proper clothing, footgear, and emergency equipment for the worst expected conditions.
bulletTake IMMEDIATE corrective action for signs or symptoms of hypothermia.
bulletTo reduce heat loss
bullet Shelter victim from wind and weather
bullet Insulate victim from the ground
bullet Change wet clothing
bullet Put on windproof, waterproof gear
bulletTo add heat
bullet Increase exercise, if possible
bullet Put victim in pre-warmed sleeping bag or blankets
bullet Give hot drinks, followed by candy or other high-sugar foods
bullet Apply heat (warm water bottles, heat packs) to neck, armpits, groin.

Heath & Safety

 

 

   

 

 


Additional Information:

Peer- Level Topic Links:
Hypothermia Intro ] [ Hypothermia Symptoms ] Hypothermia & Dehydration ] Hypothermia: Legal Aspects ]

Parent- Level Topic Links:
Heat Loss Bear Song ] COLD Key Bear Song ] Insulation Basics ] Frostbite ] Hypothermia ] Breaking Through Ice ] Responsibility to Group ] Women's Hygiene ] Permission Forms ]

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Last modified: October 15, 2016.