Equipment, Leader




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It is the responsibility of the Leader to ensure that Scouts are properly equipped before they set out on any hike or walking expedition.

Have you checked their route?  There cannot be any short cuts.

Basic Equipment

bullet Boots 
bulletWaterproof Coat & Pants
bullet Gloves, 
bulletSpare clothes
bullet Compass 
bullet Whistle 
bullet Survival Bag (Emergency shelter)
bulletFood and drink 
bullet Cooking equipment
bulletFirst Aid Kit 
bulletFlashlight (Torch) (Spare batteries and bulb) 
bullet Rucksack


bullet Need not be expensive nor heavy, but should have a composition sole. 
bullet Ensure a good fit - too small will cramp - too big will blister.
bulletBest fitted with one pair of Hill Socks.
bulletChoose the lightest boots to do the job.
bulletModern boots require little or no breaking in - but traditional boots do. (leather ones). 
bullet DO NOT attempt a walk in new boots. 
bullet When wet, allow to dry naturally in an airy place. DO NOT use direct heat.
bulletWear your boots at home for a few hours each day so that you  get used to them, and them to your feet!
bulletIf they feel uncomfortable when walking, apply a plaster (moleskin) BEFORE the blister forms.


bullet Outer garments should  be water-resistant.  They must also have an added factor of being windproof also.  Rain gear must be shower-proof. 
bulletWear insulating clothing next to your skin.
bulletClothing to be strong but light, and must allow your body to breath. 


This must be the correct tent for the conditions that could be expected. Lightweight for carrying, with flysheet and sewn in groundsheet. Items can be split between the Patrol. Preferably in bright colors: orange, etc.

1. Tunnel Tent. 2+ persons. Low wind factor.
2. Dome Tent. 2 person. Can be unstable in high winds.
3. Mountain Ridge Tent. 2 person. Low wind factor.

 Map and Compass

bulletEnsure that your Scouts are familiar with the Maps and compass you issue them with.
bulletProvide a good quality liquid filled compass with plastic base-plate and rotating bezel.
bulletAre your Scouts able to use them together and separately?
bulletProvide a waterproof holder for the maps.
bulletEnsure instructions/directions are precise, clear, and are understood by all who take part.
bulletIssue a spare map and compass in case of emergency.

Emergency Equipment

bulletFirst Aid Kit. Well equipped and serviceable. 
bullet Whistle. Pea type best. (Football)
bulletFlashlight/Torch. Issue with full set of spare batteries/bulbs.
bulletSurvival Bag. To act as an emergency shelter, as well as for suspect cases of hypothermia.


bullet Correct type for the job
bulletWell packed - nothing hanging from it. 
bullet Framed (inside or out) with hip straps.
bulletLine with plastic bag to make extra waterproof. 
bullet Pack soft items against your body.
bulletSmall items - knife, gloves, whistle, sweets, etc., in pockets or under lid.  Note that squirrels will eat though pack to get at snacks if left unguarded. 
bullet Waterproof clothing near to top when packed.
bulletFuel and stoves away from food in strong NYLON bags in an outside pocket. (fuel, etc., can penetrate polythene).


"With careful packing and a sensible route, time given for rest, rhythmic pace, carrying a Rucksack can be a satisfying experience."


bulletToo Heavy. 
bulletAttempting too much before mind and body are ready for it.
bulletWalking too fast. 
bullet Going downhill too fast. 
bullet Wearing too many clothes. 
bullet Straps badly fitted. 
bullet Unstable or unbalanced load.

Packing Suggestion

  1. Sleeping Mat.
  2. Anorak.
  3. Tent.
  4. Packed Lunch.
  5. Thermals if required.
  6. First Aid Kit.
  7. Cooking pots.
  8. Food.
  9. Spare clothing.
  10. Sleeping bag.
  11. Clothes.
  12. Framed rucksack.
  13. Hip strap
  14. Stove.
  15. Fuel.

Winter or Cold Weather/Mountains

2 Thermal Top. 
3 Shirt 
4* Pullover (Not too heavy) 
5* Fiber pile jacket (This could replace 3 & 4) 
8 Thermal trousers.
7 Breeches/trousers 
10 Heavy loop pile socks worn over thinner socks.
11 Waterproof boots. 
12* Balaclava 
13* Waterproof jacket, trousers. 
14 Thermal Gloves/mitts. 
15 Gaiters.

* Critical Items.

 Traditional Training Handbook
2003 Baden-Powell Scouts Association






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Last modified: October 15, 2016.