by Ernest Thompson Seton
This degree is dedicated to the memory of Wahdaga (Wade Dudley of Wabanaki School,
Greenwich, Corm.), who, under the careful guidance of his mother and in spite of physical
handicaps, attained high excellence in the Horseman (Cowboy) Degree and found in it a
world of happiness that never failed him.
The Degree of Horseman may be conferred on any one who takes ten of these tests
1. Show that you are at home in a saddle and can ride at a walk, trot, and gallop.
2. Know how to saddle and bridle a horse correctly.
3. Catch six horses in corral or on range with twelve throws of the lasso.
4. Show how to water and feed and to what amount, and how to groom a horse properly.
5. Show how to harness a horse correctly in single or double harness and to drive.
6. Pack 100 lbs. of stuff with a diamond hitch, to stay during four hours of travel.
7. Have a knowledge of the power of endurance of horses at work and know the local
regulations concerning driving.
8. Identify unsoundness and blemishes.
9. Know the evils of bearing or check reins and of ill-fitting harness or saddlery.
10. Know two common causes of, and proper remedies for lameness, and know to whom cases
of cruelty and abuse should be referred.
11. Be able to judge as to the weight, height, and age of horses.
12. Know three breeds and their general characteristics.
13. Be able to treat a horse for colic.
14. Describe symptoms and give treatment of horses for the following: wounds, fractures
and sprains, exhaustion, choking, lameness.
15. Understand horseshoeing.
16. Clear a four-foot hurdle and an eight-foot water jump.
17. Pick up hat from the ground going at full gallop on a horse not less than thirteen
For "How To" Information, See: The
Birch Bark Roll