by Ernest Thompson Seton
The Degree of Seaman may be conferred on any one who takes eighteen of these tests (17
and 22 compulsory)
1. Tie ten different standard knots.
2. Make a finish knot at the end of a rope.
3. Make long and short splices and demonstrate covering an eye splice.
4. Use palm and needle.
5. Fling a rope coil.
6. Fling a life buoy.
7. Demonstrate that you can row and steer a boat.
8. Pole and scull a boat and demonstrate bringing it alongside safely, then make fast.
9. Box the compass.
10. Read a chart.
11. Show a knowledge of weather wisdom and tides.
12. Show how sun and stars are of service as guides.
13. Swim fifty yards with clothes on.
14. Sail a two-man boat for 100 miles without a professional sailor for companion, but
yourself holding the tiller and directing its sail adjustment, etc. This need not be in
15. Demonstrate by description and sketch or actually demonstrate correct method of
reefing a fore and aft sail including sequence of passing the tack lashing, Baring and
knotting reef points, and turning out the reef.
16. Describe the proper method of coming to anchor so as not to foul anchor; state
proper amount of rope to be paid out in proportion to depth of water. Also show method of
stopping anchor line down to flukes and ring to anchor on rocky bottom.
17. Know the rules of the road; proper action to be taken on approach of other vessel
of any character.
18. Show that you have won first, second, or third place in a race of any of the
recognized yacht clubs or associations, with yourself as skipper.
19. Make a model of a sloop or schooner yacht or other vessel fully rigged.
20. Tell the bells and watches kept on board ship.
21. Know usual flag signals for owner and crew, location of owner's and club signal and
night pennant. Also proper method of displaying the yacht ensign when at anchor and under
22. Describe signal lights used at night on barges, sailing power and steam vessels
according to United States Regulations. Also tell what lights are used by yachts showing
fleet officers, meals, owner's absence, etc.
23. Name and describe ten different sailing
rigs: ship, bark, barkentine, brig,
brigantine, schooner, topsail schooner, sloop, yawl, ketch, knockabout, sharpie, buckeye,
catboat, lateen rig.
For "How To" Information, See: The
Birch Bark Roll